GENERAL INFO ABOUT KIDNEY TRANSPLANTS

Transplant survival rates for kidney recipients after five years averages between 89% to the high 90’s.

The following information is from the Kidney Foundation of Canada website.

With advances in kidney transplant methods and improvement in transplant success, a kidney transplant is now widely considered to be the best way of treating chronic kidney disease for many people. A transplant may offer the best chance of returning to a more normal life.

There are two types of kidney transplants:

  • Transplant from a live donor
  • Transplant from a person who has died suddenly

The Process - How it Works

Following a series of tests, a person found suitable for a transplant is put on a transplant waiting list until a compatible kidney is found. The length of time a person will have to wait is hard to predict and will depend on how hard the person is to match and how many kidneys become available.

Before any transplant, some of the recipient's blood and some of the donor’s cells are mixed together to see if the recipient's blood will damage or kill the donor’s cells. This is called a cross match and it is done to make sure there are no substances in the blood, called cytotoxic antibodies, that may cause the recipient's body to reject the transplanted kidney. A positive cross match test means that the donor (whether live or deceased) is not compatible with the recipient, and therefore cannot donate a kidney.

Overall, transplant success rates are very good. Transplants from deceased donors have an 85 to 90% success rate for the first year. That means that after one year, 85 to 90 out of every 100 transplanted kidneys are still functioning.

Live donor transplants have a 90 to 95% success rate. Long-term success is good for people of all ages.

There are two main types of living kidney transplant donations:

Directed donation

  • This is when the donor names a specific person who will receive the kidney.It is the most common type of living donation and this is what this website is all about - asking you to donate directly to Lou.

Nondirected donation

  • This is when a person does not name a specific person who will get the kidney. In this case, the donor is matched with someone in need. This also applies if you have agreed to give your kidney to a specific person such as Lou, but then find that you are not a compatible match. You can still benefit others by then adding your name to a list of potential donors.