With advances in kidney transplant methods and improvement in transplant success, a kidney transplant is now widely considered to be the best way of treating chronic kidney disease for many people. A transplant may offer the best chance of returning to a more normal life.
There are two types of kidney transplants:
Following a series of tests, a person found suitable for a transplant is put on a transplant waiting list until a compatible kidney is found. The length of time a person will have to wait is hard to predict and will depend on how hard the person is to match and how many kidneys become available.
Before any transplant, some of the recipient's blood and some of the donor’s cells are mixed together to see if the recipient's blood will damage or kill the donor’s cells. This is called a cross match and it is done to make sure there are no substances in the blood, called cytotoxic antibodies, that may cause the recipient's body to reject the transplanted kidney. A positive cross match test means that the donor (whether live or deceased) is not compatible with the recipient, and therefore cannot donate a kidney.
Overall, transplant success rates are very good. Transplants from deceased donors have an 85 to 90% success rate for the first year. That means that after one year, 85 to 90 out of every 100 transplanted kidneys are still functioning.
Live donor transplants have a 90 to 95% success rate. Long-term success is good for people of all ages.